Exclusive Breastfeeding among Working Mothers in Jabodetabek, Indonesia

Retno Wulandari1), Evi Martha2), Essi Guspaneza1), Aliyah Cendanasari1), Lisna Agustiyah1), Nurhotimah1), Sofia1), Sonia Mahrudin1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2)Department of Health Education and Behavior Sciences,

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: One of the priorities of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is to reducing infant and toddler mortality. Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Indonesia re­mains high. IMR is affected by various factors, one of which is exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). World Health Orga­nization recommends EBF of infants for the first 6 months of life. In In­donesia, the population of working mothers is getting bigger. However, the EBF co­ve­rage in this population has not reached the national target. This study aimed to describe the EBF behavior and to examine the predisposing, enabling and reinfor­cing factors of EBF among working mothers in Jabodetabek, Indonesia.

Subjects and Method: This was a qualitative study using the Rapid Assessment Pro­ce­dure (RAP). The sample of this study were 16 informants in the Jabodetabek area, con­sisting of 5 working mothers, 5 husbands, 5 coworkers, and 1 breastfeeding coun­selor. Variable in this study were EBF, maternal knowlede, perception, occupation, number of children, husband support, co-workers support, and supporting facilities at work. The data were col­lected using a semi-structured in-depth interview.

Results: The informants’ knowledge of the definition, benefit, and content of breast milk were good. All informants had supportive perception of EBF. Informants with more than one child felt that EBF for the second child was easier. Both husband and co-wor­kers provided full support for EBF. The maternal occupational factor was of little impor­tance in this study. The provision of EBF room varies. Some already had an EBF room with com­plete facilities, others had incomplete facilities, and some without EBF room.

Conclusion: Working mothers in Jabodetabek area have practice EBF with various obs­tacles. In order to improve EBF among working mothers, some factors must be con­si­­­dered, including maternal knowledge, perception, and the number of children (predis­pos­ing factor). Other im­portant factors included husband and colleague support (reinfor­cing factor), and supporting facilities in the workplace (enabling factor).

Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, knowledge, support, facilities, working mothers

Correspondence: Retno Wulandari, Evi Martha.  Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia, Department of Health Education and Behavior Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia. Email: drgretnow@gmail.com, evimartha@yahoo.com. Mobile: 087870227342, 08174883103.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.03.02

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