Factors Affecting Depression in Pregnant Mothers: A Systematic Review


Ummu Mar’atul Udzma1), Anhari Achadi2)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Indonesia
2)Department of Health Policy Administration, Faculty of Public Health,
Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Depression is the commonest psychological problem that affects a wo­man during her perinatal period worldwide. Several factors may associate with depres­sion in pregnancy. This study aimed to review systematically factors affecting depres­sion in pregnant mothers.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review conducted by searching published ar­ti­cles from 2014 to 2019, from databases including ProQuest, ScienceDirect, and Sco­pus. The keyword was “risk factor”, “mental health”, “depression”, and “antenatal”. The in­­clu­sion criteria were English, open access, and cross-sectional. After review process, 8 articles were included in this review.

Results: Prevalence of depression in pregnant women in developing countries was 23.61%. Six articles stated that unplanned pregnancy was associated with depression. Four articles reported that history of depression, history of abortion, husband support, and social support, were associated with depression. The other predictors included vio­len­ce, abuse, first child pregnancy, and gestational age in the third trimester.

Conclusion: Factors associated of depression in pregnant women are unplanned preg­nancy, history of depression, history of abortion, husband support, social support, vio­lence, abuse, first child pregnancy, and gestational age in the third trimester.

Keywords: mental health, depression, pregnant mothers.

Correspondence: Ummu Mar’atul Udzma. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email: ummumudzma@gmail.com. Mobile: 085727242526.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.03.06

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