Factors Affecting The Success of Posyandu for The Elderly in Indonesia: A Systematic Review


Deasy Stefani Tinambunan1), Adik Wibowo2)

 

1) Study Program of Health Service Management, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2) Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Life expectancy in Indonesia has increased, with an average of 71 years. It means that the number of elderly populations has also increased. Integrated Health Post (Posyandu) for the elderly is necessary for maintain the health among elderly. The coverage of Posyandu for the elderly visit is the indicator of the success of Posyandu. The morbidity and mortality will be decreased if the elderly often visit the Posyandu. However, there is still a lack coverage of elderly who visiting Posyandu (<70%). This study aimed to sys­­tematically review the factors affecting the success of Posyandu for the elderly in Indonesia.

Subjects and Methods: This was a systematic review conducted by searching articles from Google Scholar database. The inclusion criteria were namely articles published in 2009 to 2019 years, cross sectional design study, and using quantitative method. The study subjects were elderly who visited the Posyandu, research locations in Indonesia. The exclusion criteria were articles that did not available in full text and located not in Indonesia.

Results: Eighteen articles were obtained, all studies showed that the coverage of Posyandu for the elderly visit was less than 70%. The factors that in­flu­enced the success of the Posyandu for the elderly were age, sex, occupation, knowledge, access, needs, support of cadres/ health per­son­nel, fa­mi­ly support, attitude, and education. Eleven articles sta­ted that family support was associated with the success of the Posyandu for the elderly.

Conclusion: Family support is needed to increase the success of the Posyandu for the elderly. Health workers are needed to be active in socializing the importance of utilizing Posyandu for the elderly.

Keywords: elderly, integrated health post, Indonesia

Correspondence: Deasy Stefani Tinambunan. Study Program of Health Service Management, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia. Email: tdeasyste­fani­@­ymail.com. Mobile: 085271551861.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.02.02

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