Factors Associated with The Rejection of Child Immunization: A Systematic Review


 Yunia Nur Fadhillah, Rita Damayanti

 

Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaccine is an effective method to prevent infectious diseases and their com­plication. However, immunization coverage has declined drastically in some coun­tries for some reasons. This study aimed to review sytematically the factors associated with the rejection of child immunization.

Subjects and Method: This was a systematic review conducted by searching pu­bli­shed articles from database including PubMed, Wiley Online Library, JSTOR, Springer­Link, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Scopus, ResearchGate, and Taylor&Francis. The key­words were “immunization”, “vaccination”, “rejection”, and “children”. The inclusion cri­teria were English and open access. 176 articles were obtained by searching onlie database. After review process 8 articles were including in this review.

Result: Vaccination rejection was caused by incomplete information delivered by health workers and social media. Internal factors of parents were including age, experience, and education. External factor was socio-cultural. Misinformation about vaccines from anti-vaccine influenced parents.

Conclusion: Vaccination rejection is caused by incomplete information delivered by health workers and social media. Good health communication, performance of health workers, social media campaign can increase vaccine acceptance.

Keywords: immunization, vaccination, rejection, child.

Correspondence: Yunia Nur Fadhillah. Masters Program in Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email: nianufa@gmail.com. Mobile: 089­5344546702.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.02.07

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