Impact of Medical Tourism: A Systematic Review


Vika Wahyudi Anggiri1), Jaslis Ilyas2)

 

1) Hospital Administration Program, Faculty of Public of Health, Universitas Indonesia

2) Department of Health Administration Policy, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: In this era of globalized medicine, online health information is readily acces­sible to international travel. Medical tourism has captured the interest of the me­dia. Articles, guidebooks, and broadcasts on medical tourism are being published and pro­duced with increasing frequency. Individual motivations for engaging in medical tour­ism vary widely and may include imperatives such as avoiding waiting time, im­pro­ving quality, and accessing treatment not available in the home jurisdiction. This study aimed to review systematically the impact of medical tourism.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching published ar­ticles from 2010 to 2019 from databases including ProQuest, Scopus, PubMed, and EB­SCOhost. The keyword for this review was “Southeast Asia” AND “medical tourism” OR “health tourism” AND “impact “OR “effect” OR “outcome”. The inclusion criteria were English and open access. After review pro­cess 6 articles were included in this review.

Results: An article reported the impact of medical tourism on communication approach. Three ar­ticles reported the impact on economic growth. Two articles reported the impact on the health system. Three articles reported the impact on hospital management.

Conclusion: The increase in medical tourism has an impact on several aspects such as com­mu­ni­ca­tion approach, economic growth, health system, and hospital management.

Keywords: medical, tourism, medical tourism

Correspondence: Vika Wahyudi Anggiri. Hospital Administration Program, Faculty of Public of Health, Universitas Indo­nesia, Depok, West Java. Email: vika.wahyudi@gmail.com. Mobile 08129520023.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the6thicph-FP.04.39

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