Reducing Immunization Pain in Infants: A Systematic Review

Fikria Nur Ramadani1), Jaslis Ilyas2)


1)Master Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia,
2)Department of Health Administration Policy, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia



Background: Pain after vaccination injection is one of the most common reasons for pa­rents to reject child immunization. Minimizing pain during childhood vaccination can help to prevent distress, development of needle fears, and subsequent health care avoid­ance behavior, such as non-adherence with vaccination schedule. This study aimed to review systematically reduction of immunization pain in infants.

Subject and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching the following
da­­ta­ bases: ProQuest, Scopus, Clinical Key, EBSCO Host, Science Direct, and PubMed, from 2014 to 2019. The keywords for this review “breastfeeding AND (reduce pain) AND (Immunization OR Vac­cination) AND (child OR infant OR newborn)”. There were 5 articles were obtained after implementing inclusion criteria.

Result: Pain score among infants who received breastfeeding during immunization was lower than control group (p<0.001). The duration of crying in infants who re­­ceived breastfeeding was shorter than the control group (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Breastfeeding is an effective non-pharmacological intervention to reduce pa­in during immunization.

Keywords: pain, immunization, pain management, breastfeeding

Correspondence: Fikria Nur Ramadani. Master Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email: Mobile: 082310301694.


Share this :

View PDF