The Correlation between Secretory Phospholipase A2 Type IIA Levels and Mean Platelet Volume among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Woro Ayu Sekararum1), Nurfitri Bustamam1), Hikmah Muktamiroh1), Harli Amir Mahmudji2)


1)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional ‘Veteran’ Jakarta

2)Department of Internal Medicine, Prof. Dr. Soerojo Mental Hospital, Magelang


Background: Platelet activity plays a role in the occurrence of diabetic angiopathy with an increase in mean platelet volume (MPV) as a marker of platelet activity. Platelet activity is influenced by phospholipase A2 type IIA (sPLA2 type IIA), which is a lipid-mediating enzyme that connects the pathogenesis of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) with complications of diabetic angiopathy. This study aimed to examine the relationship between levels of type IIA sPLA2 and MPV among type II DM patients.
Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 63 patients with type II DM was selected for this study. The inclusion criteria for the study subjects were type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who did not experience an infectious disease, acute inflammation, trauma, surgery or malignancy, anemia, taking antiplatelet drugs, having abnormal platelet counts, and smoking. The dependent variable was levels of type IIA sPLA2. The independent variable was MPV. The data were obtained from the medical records of Prof. Dr. Soerojo Mental Hospital, Magelang. The data were analyzed using Spearman correlation test.
Results: The study showed the median level of sPLA2 type IIA was 3841.50 ng / dL and the average MPV value was 7.36 fl. The results of the Spearman correlation analysis showed that there was no relationship between sPLA2 type IIA and MPV (p = 0.551), but there was a tendency for an increase in type IIA sPLA2 followed by an increase in MPV value (r = 0.077). There was a difference in the average MPV value in the subject group with DM ≤ 10 years and> 10 years (p = 0.009), and it was statistically significant.
Conclusion: There is a tendency for an increase in type IIA sPLA2 followed by an increase in the MPV value among type II DM patients.
Keywords: type II diabetes melitus, type IIA sPLA2 enzyme, mean platelet volume
Correspondence: Woro Ayu Sekararum. Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional ‘Veteran’ Jakarta. Jl, Rumah Sakit Fatmawati, Pondok Labu, South Jakarta, Indonesia. E-mail: Mobile: 0811975511


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