The Influence of Social Capital, Parenting, and Environment on Quality of Life among 2-4 Years Old Children


Heni Puji Wahyuningsih1,2), Bhisma Murti3), Eny Lestari4), Reviono5)

 

1)Doctoral Program of Development Counseling, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)School of Health Polytechnis, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

3)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Solo, Indonesia

4)Masters Program in Development Counseling, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Solo, Indonesia

5)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Solo, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Quality of life is actually a broader construct that encompasses aspects of life that may not be amenable to healthcare service. The quality of life of children is a subjective perception of satisfaction or happiness on quality of life. The quality of life is influenced by various factors, namely health conditions, socio-economic status, parenting styles, and the environment. According to HL Bloom’s theory, health status is determined by 40 percent of environmental factors, 30 percent of behavioral factors, 20 percent of health services, and 10 percent of genetics or heredity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of social capital, parenting, and the environment on the quality of life among children.

Subjects and Method: This was a retrospective cohort study. Total of 400 children aged 2-4 years old who reside in the desa layak anak villages and ordinary villages in the region of Sleman regency. The dependent variable was quality of life among children. The independent variables were social capital, parenting, and the environment. Data were obtained from in-depth interview and questionnaire. Data were analyzed using path analysis.

Results: The good quality of life of children was affected directly by positive social capital (b = 0.084; SE = 0.049; p = 0.001), good parenting style (b = 0.123; SE = 0.050; p <0.001), and good environment (b = 0.128; SE = 0.048; p <0.001).

Conclusion: Social capital, parenting and environment have a direct influence on the quality of life among children.

Keywords: quality of life, children, social capital, parenting, environment

Correspondence: Heni Puji Wahyuningsih. Doctoral Program of Development Counseling, Universitas Sebelas Maret/ School of Health Polytechnis, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: heni.pujiw@-poltekkesjogja.ac.id

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.15

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