Effect of Obesity on Hypertension in Adults: A Meta-Analysis

Muhammad Zia Ulhaq1), Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari2), Bhisma Murti1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Hypertension and obesity are important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, which is a leading cause of death. This study aimed to investigate the association between obesity and hypertension using a meta-analysis.

Subjects and Method: A meta-analysis study was conducted by systematically review published articles from 2015-2020, in PubMed, Google Scholar, Hindawi, ProQuest, Springer Link, and Clinical Key databases. Keywords used “Obesity” OR “Overweight” AND “Hypertension” OR “High blood pressure” AND “Heart Disease” AND “cross sectional” AND “adjusted odd ratio”. The inclusion criteria were full text, in English language, using cross-sectional study design, and reporting adjusted odds ratio. The selected articles were analyzed using PRISMA flow chart and Revman 5.3.

Results: 6 articles were met the criteria. This study reported that obesity increased hypertension (aOR= 1.11; 95% CI= 1.08 to 1.14; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Obesity increases hypertension.

Keywords: obesity, overweight, hypertension

Correspondence: Muhammad Zia Ulhaq. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: kandaulhaq@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281336130093

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.55

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