Effect of Obesity on Hypertension in Elderly


Maria Imakulata Berek

 

Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity contributes to numerous and varied comorbid disease. Obesity is one of a constellation of markers for coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes. This meta-analysis study aimed to assess the effect of obesity on hypertension in elderly.

Subjects and Method: Meta-analysis and systematic review were conducted by collecting articles from Google Scholar, PubMed, Springer Link, and Science Direct databases. Keywords used “obesity” AND “hypertension” OR “high blood pressure” AND “elderly” OR “older people” AND “cross sectional”. The inclusion criteria were full text, using English or Indonesian language, using cross-sectional study design, and reporting adjusted odds ratio. The data were analyzed using Revman 5.3 program.

Results: 6 studies from Netherland, Ethiopia, Singapura, Cina, Jerman, and Canada were selected for this study. Current meta-analysis study showed that obesity increased the risk of hypertension in elderly (aOR = 3.01; 95% CI= 2.44 to 3.72; p<0.01) with I2 = 61%.

Conclusion: obesity increased the risk of hypertension in elderly.

Keywords: obesity, hypertension, elderly

Correspondence: Maria Imakulata Berek. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: imma123433@gmail.com. Mobile: 085311622368.

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