Effect of Social Support on the Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS: Meta Analisis


Maria Regina Tri Yonita1), Setyo Sri Rahardjo2), Bhisma Murti3)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Social support is an interpersonal relationship where the social environment provides assistance in the form of emotional attention, instrumental assistance, providing information, appreciation or assessment to individual sufferers. Lack of social support will lead to a decline in physical and mental conditions, so that it can cause a person to be lazy to carry out routine daily self-care activities, as a result people with HIV/AIDS do not adhere to treatment programs. If people with HIV/AIDS do not regularly take anti-retroviral (ARV) for a long time, it will greatly affect the quality of life of people with HIV/AIDS. This study aims to examine the effect of social support on quality of life in people with HIV/AIDS.

Subject and Method: Meta analysis was conducted based on PRISMA guidelines on article with randomized controlled trial design which published in 2000-2020. The meta-analysis was carried out by systematically reviewing articles from Google Scholar, PubMed, and Springer Link. The articles used in this research are articles that have been published from 2010-2020. The keywords to find this article are as follows: “social support” AND “quality of life” OR “risk factor” AND “quality of life” OR “quality of life” AND “randomized controlled trial”. Articles are collected using the PRISMA diagram, and analyzed using the Review Manager 5.4 application.

Results: There were 6 articles were reviewed in this study which met the criteria. Studies show that social support (OR = 3.14; 95% CI = 1.42 to 6.91; p <0.001) improves quality of life.

Conclusion: Social support improves quality of life in people with HIV / AIDS.

Keywords: social support, quality of life, people living with HIV / AIDS.

Correspondence: Maria Regina Tri Yonita, Master Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: mreginatry@gmail.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.64

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