Factors Associated with Hypertension among Adults in Magelang, Central Java

Wawan Diyantana1), Dono Indarto2), Bhisma Murti1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Previous data from both national and international health organization suggest that poor diet and lifestyle habits may affect blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of diet and lifestyle factors on the hypertension.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. A sample of 200 people aged 18-69 years was selected by purposive sampling. The dependent variable was hypertension. The independent variables were obesity, smoking, salt intake, genetic, age, physical activity, fiber intake, and stress. Blood pressure was measured by sphygmomanometer. The other variables were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The risk of hypertension in adults increased with obesity (BMI ≥25) (OR= 5.33; 95% CI= 1.81 to 15.74; p= 0.002), smoking (OR= 6.28; 95% CI= 2.05 to 19.30; p= 0.001), excessive salt intake (OR= 2.84; 95% CI= 0.99 to 8.11; p= 0.051), genetic (OR= 3.95; 95% CI= 1.37 to 11.44; p= 0.011), age ≥45 years (OR= 17.71; 95% CI= 5.81 to 53.99; p<0.001), physical inactivity (OR= 3.49; 95% CI= 1.19 to 10.17; p= 0.022), low fiber intake (OR= 12.42; 95% CI= 1.87 to 82.49; p= 0.009), and high stress (OR= 7.59; 95% CI= 2.22 to 25.89; p= 0.001).

Conclusion: The risk of hypertension in adults increases with obesity, smoking, excessive salt intake, genetic, age ≥45 years, physical inactivity, low fiber intake, and high stress.

Keywords: hypertension, sat intake, fiber intake

Correspondence: Wawan Diyantana. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: wawandiyantana@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281328710205

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.50

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