Meta-Analysis: Effect of Physical Activity on the Incidence of Obesity in Female Adolescents


Putri Isriyatil Jannah1), Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari2), Hanung Prasetya3)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Study Program in Acupuncture, Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The increasing prevalence of obesity in female adolescents is a global health problem. It is may caused by the adoption of a Western lifestyle (decrease in physical activity and an increase in the consumption of energy-dense food, high in fats and refined sugar). The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of physical activity on the incidence of obesity in female adolescents.

Subjects and Method: This was meta-analysis and systematic review. The study was conducted by collecting articles from Google Scholar, PubMed, and Science Direct databases, published from 2002 to 2020. Keywords were searched using the terms “physical activity” OR “physical fitness” AND obesity AND “cross sectional” AND girls OR adolescent. The study subject was female adolescents. The intervention was low physical activity with comparison high physical activity. The study outcome was obesity. Collected articles were screened using PRISMA flowchart. The quantitative data were analyzed by Revman 5.3.

Results: 6 studies from China, New York, Netherlands, Korea, Taiwan, and United States, reported that low physical activity increased the risk of obesity in female adolescents (aOR= 1.74; 95% CI= 1.11 to 2.72; p= 0.010).

Conclusion: Low physical activity increased the risk of obesity in female adolescents.

Keywords: obesity, physical activity, female adolescents

Correspondence: Putri Isriyatil Jannah. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: putriisriyatil@gmail.com. Mobile: 089634956745.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.60

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