Meta Analysis on Obesity and Diabetes Melitus as Risk Factor Hypertension in Police and Military Personnel

Firman Pardosi1), Setyo Sri Rahardjo2), Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi2)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: The strenuous duties of emergency responders (police officers andmilitary personnel) may interact with their personal risk profiles, including elevated blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes mellitus to precipitate acute cardiovascular events. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between obesity, diabetes melitus, and hypertension in police and military personnel using meta-analysis.

Subjects and Method: This was a meta-analysis and systematic review. The articles which published from year 2000 to 2020 were obtained from Google Scholar, Springer Link, ProQuest, and Science Direct databases, which published from 2000 to 2020. Cross sectional or case control full-text articles were selected for this study. There were 1,822 polices and military personnel conducted as data sample. The articles were reviewed by PRISMA diagram and analyzed by RevMan 5.3.

Results: The risk of hypertesion in police and military personnel increased with obesity (OR= 2.51; 95% CI= 1.47 to 4.29; p= 0.007), and diabetes (OR= 2.12; 95% CI= 1.35 to 3.32; p= 0.001).

Conclusion: The risk of hypertesion in police and military personnel increases with obesity and diabetes.

Keywords: hypertension, obesity, diabetes melitus

Correspondence: Firman Pardosi. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: Mobile: +6285261423865.


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