Obesity and the Risk of Suicide in Adults: A Meta-Analysis

Hisyam Syafi’ie1), Hanung Prasetya2), Bhisma Murti1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Study Program of Acupunture, Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta



Background: Some prospective studies reported that obesity is positively associated with depression. Adults with obese might have higher suicide risk, as patients with major depression disorder have a higher risk of committing suicide compared to the normal population. This study aimed to examine the association between obesity and the risk of suicide in adults.

Subjects and Method: This was a meta-analysis and systematic review. The study was collected published articles from 2010 to 2020 in Google Scholar, PubMed, Springer Link, Hindawi, Clinical Key, and ProQuest electronic databases. Searching process by insert “obesity” AND “suicidal” AND “cross sectional” AND “adjusted odd ratio” keywords. The inclusion criteria were full text, in English language, cross-sectional design, and reporting adjusted odds ratio. The data were analyzed by PRISMA flow chart and Revman 5.3.

Results: 4 articles reported that obesity increased the risk of suicidal ideas in adults (aOR= 1.12; 95% CI= 0.96 to 1.31; p= 0.14).

Conclusion: Obesity increased the risk of suicide in adults.

Keywords: obesity, suicidal

Correspondence: Hisyam Syafi’ie. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: bunghifi@gmail.com. Mobile: 081326002006.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.39

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