A Meta-Analysis of Knee Orthosis Uptake in Reducing Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis


Atika Febri Anggriani1), Agus Kristiyanto2), Setyo Sri Rahardjo3)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
2)Faculty of Teaching and Educational Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret
3)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) of knee joint is a degenerative disease that results in decreased function and pain. Orthotic devices can reduce knee adduction moment, pain, and improve function in knee OA. The purpose of this study was to examine knee orthosis uptake in reducing pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Subjects and Method: A meta-analysis and systematic review was conducted by search published articles from PubMed, Science Direct, Google Sscholar, Mendeley, and Clinical key databases. Keywords used “knee orthosis” OR “KO” AND “valgus knee brace” AND “brace” AND “knee support” AND “valgus knee support” AND “osteoarthritis” AND “patellofemoral osteoarthritis” AND “knee pain” AND “effect knee orthosis for osteoarthritis” AND “randomized controlled trial”. The inclusion criteria were full text and using randomized controlled trial study design. The articles were selected by PRISMA flow chart and the quantitative data were analyzed by Revman 5.3.

Results: 6 studies reported that knee orthosis uptake reduces pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (Mean Difference= -0.53; 95% CI= -1.39 to 0.33; p= 0.230) with heterogeneity I2= 95%.

Conclusion: Knee orthosis uptake reduces pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Keywords: osteoarthritis, pain, knee orthosis, knee valgus brace

Correspondence: Atika Febri Anggriani. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: atikaanggriani07@gmail.com. Mobile: 085728794960.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.05.44

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