A Scoping Review of Paternal Adaptation Experience During the Perinatal Period

Poppy Siska Putri, Herlin Fitriani K


Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta



Background: In the process of becoming a father, various adaptations are required in social activities and personal affairs. Adaptation of men transition to fatherhood is significant public health concern but poorly understood. This study aimed to identify and review the available evidences of paternal adaptation experience during the perinatal period.

Subjects and Method: A scoping review method was conducted in eight stages including (1) Identification of study problems; (2) Determining priority problem and study question; (3) Determining framework; (4) Literature searching; (5) Article selec­tion; (6) Critical appraisal; (7) Data extraction; and (8) Mapping. The search included PubMed, ScienceDirect, and EBSCO, and gray literature through the Google Scholar search engine databases. The inclusion criteria were English-language and full- text articles published between 2009 and 2019. A total of 403 full text articles was obtained. After the review process, eight articles were eligible. The data were reported by the PRISMA flow chart.

Results: Three articles from developing countries and five articles from developed countries were included in this study. Two major themes, i.e. adaptation process of fatherhood and importance of health services during the perinatal period were identified. Fathers experienced some changes during the adaptation process such as partner relationship changes, carrier adjustments, and increased responsibilities of fatherhood role. Health education and acknowledgement from health professionals are required to support better preparation of fatherhood adaptation.

Conclusion: Fathers need more guidance and support around fatherhood adaptation. Guidance and acknowledgement from health professionals can facilitate better experiences for transition to fatherhood.

Keywords: paternal adaptation, perinatal period, experience

Correspondence: Poppy Siska Putri. Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta. Jl. Ringroad Barat No.63, Mlangi Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55592. Email: poppysiskaputri@gmail.com. Mobile: +6281379203364.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.03.58

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