Acupuncture Therapy in Reducing Pain in Patients with Low Back Pain: Meta Analysis

Elisa Novitasari1), RB. Soemanto2), Hanung Prasetya3)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
2)Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret
3)Study Program of Acupuncture, School of Health Polytechnics, Surakarta



Background: With growing evidence of high prevalence in developing countries, LBP is no longer recognized as a disorder confined to high-income nations but is a major health problem globally. The functional limitations and consequent disability create a heavy economic burden on individuals and society. This study aimed to acupuncture therapy in reducing pain in patients with low back pain.

Subjects and Method: A meta-analysis and systematic review was conducted by search published articles from PubMed, Google Schoolar, Mendeley, Hindawi, and Clinical key databases. Keywords used “acupuncture low back pain” OR “acupuncture chronic pain” AND “efficacy acupuncture” AND “chronic low back pain” AND “effect acupuncture for low back pain” AND “randomized controlled trial” AND “visual analogue scale”. The inclusion criteria were full text and using randomized controlled trial (RCT) study design. The articles were selected by PRISMA flow chart and the quantitative data were analyzed by Revman 5.3.

Results: 7 studies were met criteria. This study showed that acupuncture therapy reduced pain in patients with low back pain (Mean Difference= -0.40; 95% CI= -0.80 to 0.01; p= 0.05) with heterogeneity I2= 83%.

Conclusion: Acupuncture therapy reduces pain in patients with low back pain.

Keywords: low back pain, acupuncture chronic low back pain, randomized controlled trial.

Correspondence: Elisa Novitasari. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 085727851938.


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