Effect of Health Education with Flip Chart and Video on Knowledge about Early Detection of Cervical Cancer in Women of Reproductive Age in Nganjuk District, East Java


Ike Nurrochmawati, Ambar Dwi Retnoningrum, 

Remita Yuli Kusumaningrum

 

School of Health Sciences Satria Bhakti Nganjuk

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth most prevalent cancer in women. Pap smear and visual inspection acetic acid (VIA) are essential screening tests to early detect cervical cancer. However, the use of screening tests remained low among women of reproductive age in Nganjuk district, East Java. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of health education using flip chart and video on knowledge about early detection of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age in Nganjuk district, East Java.

Subjects and Method: A randomized control trial conducted in Rejoso, Nganjuk, East Java, from October to November 2019. A sample of 120 women of reproductive age was randomized into two groups: (1) Experiment group that received health education using a flip chart and video, and (2) Control group that received no intervention. The dependent variable was knowledge of early detection of cervical cancer. The independent variable was health education using a flip chart and video. The data were collected using questionnaire. The data were analyzed by independent t-test.

Results: After the intervention, knowledge about early detection of cervical cancer in the experimental group (Mean= 80.40; SD= 10.54) was higher than the control group (Mean= 70.53; SD= 9.68), and it was statistically significant (p <0.001).

Conclusion: Health education using a flip chart and video is effective in improving knowledge about early detection of cervical cancer among women of reproductive age.

Keywords: early detection, cervical cancer, health education, women of reproductive age

Correspondence: Ike Nurrochmawati. School of Health Sciences Satria Bhakti, Nganjuk. Jl. Panglima Sudirman VI, Nganjuk, East Java. Email: ike.nurrochma@gmail.com. Mobile: +6282141578108.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.02.36

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