Effect of Trained Parenting on the Development of Autistic Children at Autism Schools in Indonesia


Atik Badi’ah, Ni Ketut Mendri, Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho, Wawuri Handayani

 

School of Health Sciences, Yogyakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Autistic children are unique individuals who have different abilities and characteristics, so that they have different ways of interacting with themselves and the environment. The development of interest in children with autism can be hampered. Parenting in children with autism includes parents of autistic children who provide emotional, social, informational and practical support to develop children’s interests with autism. Based on the results of a preliminary study conducted by the author at 8 Special Schools (SLB) in Yogyakarta and Ponorogo, East Java, most parents (93%) thought that enrolling autistic children in special schools (SLB) meant that their efforts had been said. enough. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of parenting on the development of interest in autistic children in autistic schools.

Subject and Method: This was a quasi-experiment pretest-posttest design with control group design conducted at the seven autism schools in Yogyakarta and one autism school in Ponorogo, East Java. A sample of autistic children selected by purposive sampling with the criteria of a pair of parents with autistic children aged 6-12 years. The dependent variable was development of interest in children with autism. The independent variable was parenting. The first observation was to determine the development of interest in children with autism before being given parenting and the second observation after being given parenting. Data was analyzed by bivariate analysis by Wilcoxon Rank Test.

Results: The development of interest in autistic children was higher after the intervention with trained parenting than before, and it was statistically significant (p <0.001).

Conclusion: Giving trained parenting is effective in increasing the development of interest in children with autism in Autism Schools in Yogyakarta and Ponorogo, East Java.

Keywords: Parenting, interest development, autistic children

Correspondence: Atik Badi’ah. School of Health Sciences, Yogyakarta. Email: atik.cahyo@yahoo.com. Mobile: +628164267407.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.03.83

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