Lateral Wedge Insole Uptake in Reducing Pain in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A Meta-Analysis Study

Muhibbah Fatati, Setyo Sri Rahardjo, Hanung Prasetya


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
2)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret
3)Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta



Background: The increase in rates of knee replacement for osteoarthritis has made the identification of effective nonsurgical treatments a high priority. One type of treatment for medial knee osteoarthritis involves reducing medial loading to ease the physical stress applied to that compartment of the joint. The wedge is placed under the sole of the foot and angulated so that it is thicker over the lateral than the medial edge, transferring loading during weight bearing from the medial to the lateral knee compartment. This study aimed to investigate the effect of lateral wedge insole uptake in reducing pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Subjects and Method: A meta-analysis and systematic review conducted by search published articles from PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar, Mendeley, and Clinical key databases. Keywords used “Lateral Wedge Insole” OR “Insole” AND “Foot Orthosis “AND “osteoarthritis” AND “patellofemoral osteoarthritis” AND “knee pain” AND “medial knee osteoarthritis “AND” effect lateral wedge insole for osteoarthritis” AND “randomized controlled trial”. The inclusion criteria were full text, using randomized controlled trial (RCT) study design, and reporting effect size (mean and standard deviation). The intervention was lateral wedge insole with comparison non lateral wedge insole. The study outcome was pain. The data were analyzed by Revman 5.3.

Results: 6 studies were met the inclusion criteria. This study showed that the use of lateral wedge insole reduced pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (Mean Difference= -0.17; 95% CI= -0.51 to 0.18; p= 0.340) with heterogeneity I2= 77%.

Conclusion: Lateral wedge insole use reduced pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Keywords: knee osteoarthritis, lateral wedge insole, randomized control trial

Correspondence: Muhibbah Fatati, Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 089633466598.


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