Multiple Logistic Regression on the Factors Affecting Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice in Karanganyar, Central Java


Lathifah ‘Arub1), Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari2)Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi2)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Medicne, Universitas Sebelas Maret

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Breastfeeding peer support helps lactating women to sustain breastfed and reduce cultural barriers. This study aimed to examine the effects of maternal age, maternal education, maternal employment, type of labor, knowledge, attitude, family support, and social capital on breastfeeding practice.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at 25 integrated health posts in Karanganyar, Central Java, from August to September 2019. A sample of 200 lactating mothers with children aged 7-12 months was selected by stratified random sampling. The dependent variable was exclusive breastfeeding. The independent variables were maternal age, maternal education, maternal employment, type of labor, knowledge, attitude, family support, and social capital. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by a multipe logistic regression.

Results: Exclusive breastfeeding increased with maternal age 20-34 years (b= 1.96; 95% CI= 0.53 to 3.39; p= 0.007), maternal education ≥Senior high school (b= 1.47; 95% CI= 0.08 to 2.87; p= 0.038), good knowledge (b= 1.73; 95% CI= 0.33 to 3.12; p= 0.015), positive attitude (b= 1.61; 95% CI= 0.28 to 2.94; p= 0.017), strong family support (b= 1.39; 95% CI= 0.13 to 2.65; p= 0.030), and strong social capital (b= 1.34; 95% CI= 0.01 to 2.68; p= 0.049). Exclusive breastfeeding decreased with mothers working outside the house (b= -2.95; 95% CI= -4.37 to -1.53; p<0.001) and sectio cesarean labor (b= -1.57; 95% CI= -3.06 to -0.08; p= 0.039).

Conclusion: Exclusive breastfeeding increases with maternal age 20-34 years, maternal education ≥Senior high school, good knowledge, positive attitude, strong family support, and strong social capital. Exclusive breastfeeding decreases with mothers working outside the house and sectio cesarean labor.

Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, bipsychosocial 

Correspondence:

Lathifah ‘Arub. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: lathifah.arub17@gmail.com. Mobile: +625789212539.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.03.89

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