Relationship between Gravidity and Severity of Emesis Gravidarum in Trimester I Pregnant Women at PMB Fatimatu Zahrok Midwifery Care, Kediri, East Java


Rahma Kusuma Dewi, Halimatus Saidah

 

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Kadiri

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Emesis gravidarum or nausea and vomiting has commonly occurred during pregnancy. However, excessive nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy have a potentially adverse effect on pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between gravidity and severity of emesis gravidarum in women with first-trimester of pregnancy at PMB Fatimatu Zahrok Midwifery Care, Kediri, East Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at PMB Fatimatu Zahrok Midwifery Care, Kediri, East Java, from July to August 2020. A sample of 32 women with first-trimester of pregnancy was selected for this study. The dependent variable was severity of emesis gravidarum categorized into mild to moderate and severe. The independent variable was the number of gravidities categorized into primigravida and multigravida. The data were collected using questionnaire. The data were analyzed by chi-square.

Results: Multigravida reduced the severity of emesis gravidarum (OR= 0.14; 95% CI= 0.02 to 0.85; p= 0.034).

Conclusion: Multigravida reduces the severity of emesis gravidarum in women with first-trimester pregnancy.

Keywords: emesis gravidarum, first trimester, gravidity, severity, pregnant women

Correspondence: Rahma Kusuma Dewi. Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Kadiri. Jl. Selomangleng No 1, Kediri, East Java. Email: rahmakusumadewi@unik-kediri.ac.id. Mobile: +6281229440101.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.03.77

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