Relationship Between Psychosocial Stressor and Asthma Control in Adult Asthma Patients at Depok Hospital, West Java


Hasnah Viviana1), Asysyukriati2), Erna Harfiani3)

 

1)Bachelor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, UPN Veteran Jakarta
2)Department of Pulmonology, Faculty of Medicine, UPN Veteran Jakarta
3)Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, UPN Veteran Jakarta

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Asthma is a reversible airflow obstruction developed by genetic and environ-mental factors. Several studies revealed that stress could exacerbate the clinical symptoms in patients with asthma. This study aimed to determine the relationship between psychosocial stressors and the asthma control level in adult asthma patients at pulmonology polyclinic, Depok Hospital, West Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at pulmonology polyclinic, Depok Hospital, West Java in 2019. A total of 58 adult asthma patients was selected with consecutive sampling. The dependent variable was the asthma control. The independent variable was the level of the psychosocial stressor. The data were collected using asthma control questionnaires and the Holmes-Rahe Scale for calculating the score of stress events. Data were analyzed by chi-square.

Results: The majority of adult asthma patients had moderate to severe psychosocial stressors (63.8%) and partial to fully controlled asthma (53.4%). Level of psychosocial stressor reduced the level of asthma control, and it was statistically significant (p <0.001).

Conclusion: The level of psychosocial stressor reduces the level of asthma control.

Keywords: bronchial asthma, psychosocial stressor, level of controlled

Correspondence: Erna Harfiani. Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, UPN Veteran Jakarta. Jl RS Fatmawati Pondok Labu Jakarta Selatan, 12450. Email: ernaharfiani@upnvj.ac.id. Mobile: +6281585042313.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.05.31

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