Relative Effectiveness of Red Guava Fruit (Psidium Guajava L.) and Star Fruit (Averrhoa Carambola L.) on Hemoglobin Level in Pregnant Women at Camplong Community Health Center, Kupang District


Clara Yunita Ina Ola, Matilda Bupu Ria, Roslin E.M Sormin

 

Study Program of Midwifery, School of Health Sciences Maranatha, Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT)

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Anemia in pregnancy increases maternal and child mortality incidence, either directly or indirectly. Non-pharmacological therapy and alternative medicine can be used to overcome iron deficiency in pregnant women. Red guava and star fruits contain a rich number of vitamins and minerals important for blood function and renewal. This study aimed to determine the relative effectiveness of red guava fruit (Psidium Guajava L.) and star fruit (Averrhoa Carambola l.) on hemoglobin level in pregnant women at Camplong Community Health Center, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara.

Subjects and Method: A quasi-experimental study with a pretest and posttest with no control design was conducted at Camplong Community Health Center, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, from December 2019 to February 2020. A total of 32 pregnant women with anemia was selected by accidental sampling. The dependent variable was hemoglobin level. The independent variables were red guava and star fruit consumption. The data were collected by questionnaires and Hb blood test results. The data were analyzed by paired and independent t-tests.

Results: Mean of Hb level in pregnant women was higher after red guava fruit consumption (Mean= 10.42; SD= 0.74) than before (Mean= 9.76; SD= 0.98), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.001). Mean of Hb level in pregnant women was higher after star fruit consumption (Mean= 11.03; SD= 0.55) than before (Mean= 9.76; SD= 0.93), and it was statistically significant (p <0.001). Mean of Hb level in pregnant women was higher in consumption of star fruit (Mean= 11.03; SD= 0.55) than in red guava fruit (Mean= 10.42; SD= 0.74), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.013).

Conclusion: Consumption of both red guava fruit and star fruit increases the hemoglobin level in pregnant women. Relative effectiveness shows that Hb level is higher in the consumption of star fruit than guava fruit.

Keywords: guava fruit, star fruit, hemoglobin level, anemia, pregnant women

Correspondence: Clara Yunita Ina Ola. Study Program of Midwifery, School of Health Sciences Maranatha. Jl. Kampung Bajawa Nasipanaf Baumata Barat, Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. Email: Clarayunitainaola@gmail.com. Mobile:  +6282114469084.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.03.58

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