Low Birth Weight and Neonatal Mortality: Meta Analysis

Silvalia Rahma Pratiwi1), Hanung Prasetya2), Bhisma Murti3)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Study Program of Acupunture, Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta



Background: Low birth weight (LBW) has been used as an important public health indicator. LBW is one of the key drivers and indirect causes of neonatal death. It contributes to 60% to 80% of all neonatal deaths, annually. This study aimed to examine association between LBW and neonatal mortality using meta analysis.

Subjects and Methods: This was meta-analysis and systematic review. Published articles in 2010-2020 were collected from Google Scholar, PubMed, Springer Link, Hindawi, Clinical Key, ProQuest databases. Keywords used “low birth weight” AND “mortality” OR “birth weight mortality” OR “neonatal death” AND “cross sectional” AND “adjusted odd ratio”. The inclusion criteria were full text, using cross-sectional study design, and reporting adjusted ratio. The data were analyzed by PRISMA flow chart and Revman 5.3.

Results: 6 studies were met criteria. This study showed that low birth weight increased the risk of neonatal mortality (aOR= 2.23; 95% CI= 1.12 to 4.44; p= 0.02).

Conclusion: Low birth weight increases the risk of neonatal mortality.

Keywords: low birth weight, mortality, neonatal death

Correspondence: Silvalia Rahma Pratiwi. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: silvaliarahmapratiwi@gmail.com. Mobile: 082324820288.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.03.113

Share this :

View PDF