Relationship between Intimate Partner Violence and The Risk of Postpartum Depression

Ardiani1), RB. Soemanto2), Bhisma Murti1)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to any behavior in an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship. IPV is associated with fatal and non-fatal health effects, including homicide and suicide, as well as negative health behaviours during pregnancy, poor reproductive outcomes and adverse physical and mental consequences. This study aimed to examine relationship between intimate partner violence and the risk of postpartum depression.

Subjects and Method: This was a meta-analysis and systematic review. The study was conducted by collecting articles from Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Science Direct databases, which published from 2010 to 2020. “Intimate Partner Violence” OR “IPV” AND “Postpartum Depression” OR “Postnatal Depression” was keywords used for searching the articles. The study population was postpartum mothers. The intervention was intimate partner violence with comparison no intimate partner violence. The study outcome was postpartum depression. The inclusion criteria were full text cross-sectional study, using English language, using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) to measure depression. The articles were selected by PRISMA flow chart and Revman 5.3.

Results: 8 articles from Turki, Ethiopia, Mexico, Malaysia, Israel, South Africa, and Sudan were reviewed for this study. This study reported that intimate partner violence increased the risk of postpartum depression (aOR = 3.39; 95% CI= 2.17 to 5.30).

Conclusion: Intimate partner violence increased the risk of postpartum depression.

Keywords: intimate partner violence, postpartum depression

Correspondence: Ardiani. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: Mobile: 085337742831.


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