Risk Factors of Stunting in Children Aged 25-59 Months in Kotagede I Health Center, Yogyakarta

Tyas Aisyah Putri1,2), Yuni Kusmiyati1), Ana Kurniati1)


1)Study Program in Midwifery, Health Polytechnics Ministry of Health, Yogyakarta

2)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Stunting is a cyclical process because women who were themselves stunted in childhood tend to have stunted offspring, creating an intergenerational cycle of poverty and reduced human capital that is difficult to break This study aimed to investigate the risk factors of stunting in children aged 25-59 months.

Subjects and Method: A case control study was conducted at Kotagede I health center, Yogyakarta. A sample of 78 children aged 25-59 months was selected by simple random sampling. The dependent variable was stunting. The independent variables were birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, maternal height, and maternal education. The data were obtained from questionnaire and analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: The risk of stunting increased with low birth weight (aOR= 4.24; 95% CI= 1.70 to 10.60; p= 0.001), non-exclusive breastfeeding (aOR= 2.43; 95% CI= 1.28 to 4.62; p= 0.010), short maternal height (aOR= 2.13; 95% CI= 1.79 to 2.53; p= 0.002), and low maternal education (aOR= 2.30; 95% CI= 1.12 to 4.69; p= 0.033).

Conclusion: The risk of stunting increases with low birth weight, non-exclusive breastfeeding, short maternal height, and low maternal education.

Keywords: stunting, low birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, maternal height

Correspondence: Tyas Aisyah Putri. Study Program in Midwifery, Health Polytechnics Ministry of Health, Yogyakarta. Jl. Tatabumi 3 Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Email: taisyah1996@gmail.com. Mobile: +6285725003949.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.03.112

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