Implementation of No Smoking Area Policy in High School 2, Nganjuk, East Java, Indonesia


Yeny Kusumawati1), Fresty Africia2)

 

1) School of Health Sciences, Satria Bhakti Nganjuk
2) School of Health Sciences, Ganesha Husada Kediri

 

ABSTRACT

Background: In school environments, the No Smoking Area Policy is based on protecting young people who are currently studying at school from exposure to harmful cigarette smoke. It is expected to indirectly reduce student smoking rates. This study aimed to describe the implementation of the No Smoking Area policy at High School 2 Nganjuk, East Java and to identify the factors influencing the policy implementation.
Subjects and Methods: This was a qualitative study carried out at High School 2 Nganjuk, East Java. The study subjects were included the principal, student deputy principals, counseling guidance teachers, homeroom teachers, employees, and students of High School 2 Nganjuk. Data were collected using observation, interviews, and documentation. The source triangulation technique used the technique of checking the validity of the data. This study used an interactive model of data analysis technique, which is based on the theory of George C. Edward III, consisted of communication, resources, dispositions, and bureaucratic structures.
Results: In High School 2 Nganjuk, the No Smoking Area Policy has not been implemented optimally, particularly on the resource factor. For example, some teachers and staff still smoking in schools. This was not in accordance with the provisions in the No Smoking Area Policy. As the budget for funds from School Operational Assistance (BOS) was integrated with the School Environment Introduction Period (MPLS/MOS as well as the Adiwiyata program, there was no special budget for the implementation of the No Smoking Area policy. There was still not enough amount of billboards about no smoking area. The communication factor was the supporting factor. The policy for the No Smoking Area is always communicated to school residents. The disposition factors was the policy implementers’ engagement. The bureaucratic factor were structure and the presence of SOP in policy implementation.
Conclusion: The enforcement of the policy of the No Smoking Area in High School 2 Nganjuk has not been maximized, so all factors, both contact factors, resource factors, disposal factors, and bureaucratic factors, need to be assisted.

Keywords: smoking area, high school, policy

Correspondence: Yeny Kusumawati. School of Health Sciences, Satria Bhakti Nganjuk, East Java, Indonesia. Email: yenykusumawati.sbn.ngk@gmail.com. Mobile: 082244297997

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.04.01

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