Family's Role on Stunting among Children in Bojong Jaya Village, Tangerang, Banten

Roichatul Djannah, Siti Maisaroh 


Academy of Midwifery Karya Bunda Husada



Background: In 2015, the prevalence of stunting among children under five years old in Indonesia was 36.4%. It means that more than a third or around 8.8 million children under five years old height is below the standard for their age. This stunting is above the threshold set by WHO of 20%. The prevalence of stunting for Indonesian under five is the second largest in the Southeast Asia region after Laos, which reached 43.8%. This study aimed to determine the effect of family role on stunting among children under five years old.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional was enrolled by 242 of 615 families with children under five years old in Bojong Jaya Village, Karawaci, Tangerang, Banten. The dependent va­ri­able was stunting. The independent variables were knowledge, family income, basic sanitation, exclusive breastfeeding, immunization status, and parenting style. The data collection was carried out by measuring height, in-depth interviews, and questionnaires. The data were analyzed using the Chi-square test.

Results: The percentage of the stunting incidence was 20.2%. Family income (OR= 2.31; 95% CI= 1.19 to 4.47; p= 0.012) and parenting style (OR= 2.68; 95% CI= 1.36 to 5.31; p= 0.004) were associated with stunting incidence and they were statistically significant. There was a significant relationship between knowledge on the incidence of stunting (OR= 2.80; 95% CI 1.41 to 5.53; p= 0.002), and it was statistically significant.

Conclusion: There is a relationship between family income, parenting style, and knowledge of the incidence of stunting among children under five years old. There needs to be a comprehensive program in building family resilience and multisector empowerment to increase family income, maternal education, and knowledge of maternal nutrition to reduce the incidence of stunting.

Keywords: empowerment, family, stunting

Correspondence: Roichatul Djannah. Academy of midwifery Karya Bunda Husada. Jl. Imam Bonjol No 77 RT02 / RW01, Bojong Jaya Village, Karawaci District, Tangerang City, Banten, Indonesia, Email: Mobile: 081290257780


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