Analysis of The Causes of Death in Indonesia Due to Accident Based on The Sample Registration System from 2014 to 2016

Retno Widyastuti1,2), Anhari Achadi1), Yuslely Usman2)Tita Rosita2), Merry Lusiana2)

1)Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

2)Health Research and Development Department, Ministry of Health, Indonesia



Background: Traffic accidents in Indonesia (dominated by motorbikes) are a serious problem because they cause many injuries and deaths at productive age. The sample Registration System (SRS) produces an overview of the causes of death nationally including a description of the causes of death due to accidents. The purpose of this study is to analyze the causes of death due to accidents based on the characteristics of age, sex, place of death, and type of accident.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional was selected to be this study design. The SRS sample selection method is Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) using the 2008 Potential Village (PODES) survey data. SRS was conducted in 128 sub-districts spread over 119 districts / cities and in 30 provinces in Indonesia. SRS data are collected annually (January 1 to December 31), and the analyzed SRS data are 2014-2016. The cause of death was determined based on a questionnaire from the results of a verbal autopsy interview by the health center health worker to the family of the deceased. Determination of the cause of death by trained health center doctors according to the standards in ICD-10. The data were descriptively described.

Results: Transportation accidents were included in the top 10 causes of death. Most deaths occurred among adolescents aged 15-19 years. Mortality in men was higher than in women. Most of the deaths occurred in the hospital, followed by other places and on the way to the hospital / health facility. The most types of accidents were traffic accidents on motorbikes, pedestrians, and car accidents.

Conclusion: This study provides information to stakeholders to prioritize policies in an effort to reduce the incidence of traffic accidents, injuries, and deaths due to accidents in Indonesia. Relevant agencies need immediate and comprehensive handling.

Keywords: causes of death, verbal autopsy, vital registration, traffic accidents

Correspondence: Retno Widyastuti. Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia/ Health Research and Development Department, Ministry of Health, Indonesia. Email: Mobile: 081219303268


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