Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Fetus And Newborn: A Systematic Review


Ika Yulianti, Rahmi Padlilah, Agus Purnamasari

 

Midwifery Program, Faculty of Health Sciences,

Universitas Borneo Tarakan, North Kalimantan

 

ABSTRACT 

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has reported the potential infection to children, including newborns. The data for the intrauterine transmission of Covid-19 during pregnancy and its impact is still limited. This study aimed to investigate the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on fetus and newborns.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching from PubMed, Google Scholar, JAMA, and ScienceDirect conducted in April 2020.  The keywords were “child health” AND “COVID-19” OR “newborn” AND “novel coronavirus” AND “infection” OR “intrauterine transmission AND COVID- 19 AND Review”. The data were reported systematically.

Results: The reviewed articles were cohort retrospective, case report, review, and systematic review. Intrauterine transmission of Covid-19 in pregnancy remained uncertain. Some studies reported the confirmation of infected Covid-19 in newborns within <2 hours to 2 days of birth. Supportive therapy was given according to the clinical conditions of new­borns.

Conclusion: There is a lack of evidence in the intrauterine transmission of Covid-19 in pregnancy. The infected newborns with Covid-19 are confirmed within <2 hours to 2 days. Supportive therapy is conducted according to the clinical conditions of newborns.

Keywords: newborns, Covid-19, infection

Correspondence:  Ika Yulianti. Midwifery Program, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Borneo Tarakan. Jl. Amal Lama No. 1 East Tarakan, North Kalimantan. Email: ikatamaevan@gmail.com. Mobile : +628115440036.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph-FP.03.14

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