Relationship Between Vitamin a Deficiency and Pneumonia Incidence of Children Under Five Years of Age in West Java


Magdalena Gultom, Ririn Arminsih Wulandari

 

Master Program of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT 

Background: The leading cause of mortality in children under five years of age is acute lower respiratory tract infections, especially bronchiolitis and pneumonia. Vitamin A supplement has been studied as a potential intervention to decrease severity and prevent acute lower respiratory tract infections from subsequent episodes. This study aimed to determine the relationship between vitamin A deficiency and pneumonia incidence of children under five years of age in West Java.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the secondary data from Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey, 2017 in West Java. A sample of 594 toddlers under 5 years of age was obtained for this study. The dependent variable was pneumonia. The independent variable was Vitamin A intake. The data were collected using questionnaires. The data were analyzed by chi-square.

Results: As many as 38.6% children under five years of age did not get Vitamin A supplement. 26.8% of children suffered pneumonia. Inadequate Vitamin A intake increased the risk of pneumonia in children under five years of age (OR= 1.011, 95% CI 0.690 to 1.481; p= 1.000).

Conclusion: Inadequate Vitamin A intake increases the risk of pneumonia in children under five years of age, but it is not statistically significant.

Keywords: Vitamin A deficiency, pneumonia, prevention, under five years of age, children

CorrespondenceMagdalena Gultom. Masters Program in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java. Email: magdalena.gultomui@gmail.com. Mo­bile: +6281299714873.

DOI : https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph-FP.03.17

Share this :

View PDF