Determinant of Malaria Incidence in the Coastal Area of East Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara


Muhammad Kazwaini1,3), Chatarina U. Wahyuni2)

                                 

1)Public Health Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga 2)Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga 3)Waikabubak Research and Development Center

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Coastal area is a location for the economic movement of fishermen families. Malaria transmission and malaria cases in coastal areas are higher than in non-coastal areas. This study aimed to determine fishermen, control activity, and environmental factors of fishing communities with the incidence of malaria in the coastal area of East Lombok Regency.

Subjects and Method: An observational study was conducted in the coastal area of East Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara. The fisherman selected in this study were 30 people from all coastal villages using simple random sampling technique. The dependent variable was malaria incidence. The independent variables were fishermen characteristics, control activity, and environmental condition. Data were carried out using questionnaire and analyzed using Chi-square test.

Results: The incidence of malaria in the coastal areas of East Lombok were caused by fisherman characteristics (age of fishermen <45 years, duration of being fishermen <5 years, and education below primary school), control activity (indoor residual spring (IRS) activities), and environmental condition (type of semi-permanent housing), and they were statistically significant.

Conclusion: The incidence of malaria in the coastal areas of East Lombok were caused by fisherman characteristics, control activity, and environmental condition. The most related to malaria incidence is fishermen characteristic.

Keywords: control, determinants, malaria, coastal, fisherman

Correspondence:Chatarina U. Wahyuni. Public Health Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, East Java. Email: chatarina.uw@fkm.unair.ac.id. Mobile: 081339432903

DOI : https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph-FP.04.18

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