Overweight and Obesity as Sociate Factors with Hypertension in Malang, East Java


Reny Tri Febriani, Nining Loura Sari

 

School of Health Sciences of Maharani

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Overweight and obesity are global health problem, with increased cardiovascular risk, a major contributor to the global burden of disease financing. Obesity causes expansion of extracellular fluid volume and increased blood flow to tissues which can increase venous return and cardiac output, causing hypertension. Obese adolescents throughout their life have a higher risk of suffering from a number of serious health problems such as diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Hypertension in obesity tends to be more difficult to control so that it requires anti-hypertensive medication therapy. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors of hypertension among obese and overweight adolescent in Malang, East Java.

Subjects and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. A total of 60 respondents was selected for this study. The dependent variable was hypertension. The independent variables were obesity/overweight, family history of hypertension, and family history of obesity. The data of obesity were collected using body mass index (BMI) and hypertension by blood pressure. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.

Results: Obesity/overweight increased the risk of hypertension (OR = 5.8; p< 0.001) and it was statistically significant. The obesity, family history of hypertension, and family history of obesity, were simultaneously associated with the risk of hypertension among adolescent.

Conclusion: The obesity/overweight, family history of hypertension, and family history of obesity, are simultaneously associated with the risk of hypertension among adolescent.

Keywords: overweight, obesity, hypertension, adolescents

Correspondence: Reny Tri Febriani. School of Health Sciences of Maharani. Jl. Akordioan Selatan No. 8B Malang, East Java. Email: reny_febriani@stikesmaharani.ac.id. Mobile: 081232268321.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph-FP.01.15

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