Factors Associated with Stunting in Children Aged 6-59 Months in Sangkrah, Surakarta, Central Java


Ervia Fahma Dhony1), Kusuma Estu Werdani2), Purwanti3)

 

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Public Health Department, Faculty of Health Science, Muhammadiyah Surakarta University

3)Surakarta Health Office, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background: Stunting results from a complex interaction of individual, household and social (environmental) factors. Epidemiological data are sugested that improvements in maternal care as an important determinant in reducing child stunting. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with stunting in children aged 6-59 months.

Subjects and Method: A case control study was conducted at Sangkrah health center, from January 15 to Februari 1, 2020. A number of 164 children aged 6 to 59 months was selected by fixed disease sampling, consisted of 82 stunted children and 82 normal children. The dependent variable was stunting. The independent variables were anemia during pregnancy, history of chronic energy deficiency during pregnancy, and non exclusive breastfeeding. The data were obtained from maternal and child health book and quationnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Maternal anemia during pregnancy (aOR= 2.54; 95% CI= 1.18 to 5.46; p= 0.017), history of chronic energy deficiency during pregnancy (aOR= 2.48; 95% CI= 1.22 to 5.07; p= 0.012), and non exclusive breastfeeding (aOR= 4.40; 95% CI= 2.17 to 8.97; p<0.001) increased the risk of stuting in children aged 6 to 59 months.

Conclusion: Maternal anemia during pregnancy, history of chronic energy deficiency during pregnancy, and non exclusive breastfeeding increase the risk of stuting in children aged 6 to 59 months.

Keywords: stunting, anemia, exclusive breastfeeding, chronic energy deficiency, pregnant women

Correspondence: Ervia Fahma Dhony. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: fhmervii@gmail.com. Mobile: 082134843244.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.Maternal.ICPH.08.2021.21

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