Is Baby Massage Increase Infant Weight?

Raina Lola Fauzia1), Uki Retno Budihastuti2), Rita Benya Adriani3)


1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret  

2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine,

Universitas Sebelas Maret

3)Study Program of Occupational Therapy, Health Polytechnics,

Ministry of Health Surakarta




Background: For decades, researchers and therapists alike have been exploring the effects of different kinds of stimulation on weight gain in infants. One of the most effective ways to increase weight gain has been tactile-kinesthetic stimulation, more recently called massage therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of baby massage in increasing infant weight.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review and meta analysis was conducted using the Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Science Direct databases, published from 2011 to 2021. Eligibility criteria were defined using the PICO model as follows, (1) population: children aged 0 to 12 months, (2) intervention: baby massage, (3) comparison: without control, and (4) outcome: infant weight. The following search terms were used: “(“baby massage” OR “infant massage’’) AND (“baby weight gain” OR “body weight”) AND (“randomized controlled trial”). The inclusion criteria were English full-text, randomized controlled trial, published from 2011 to 2021, and reported adjusted mean dan standard deviation. The systematic review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Data analyses were performed using RevMan 5.3.

Results: 7 studies from United States, Iran, Singapore, Korea, and China were selected for meta analysis. This study showed that baby massage elevated infant weight 2.16 times than control group (Standardized Mean Difference= 2.16; 95% CI= 0.67 to 3.66; p= 0.005).

Conclusion: Baby massage elevates infant weight 2.16 times than control group.

Keywords: baby massage, infant weight

Correspondence: Raina Lola Fauzia. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email:  Mobile: +6281215278321.


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