The Effectiveness of Prenatal Yoga on the Pervaginam Birth Labor: Meta-Analysis

Ayu Trisni Pamilih

Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret



Background: Preparation for delivery can be effective in decreasing adverse responses during labor. A prolonged duration of labor and other complications can result in a cesarean section. Many forms of antenatal exercise have been developed to improve the readiness of pregnant women in approaching childbirth physically and psychologically, and encourage pervaginam birth labor. This study was performed to observe the effectiveness of prenatal yoga on the pervaginam birth labor.

Subjects and Method: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by PRISMA flow diagram. The articles were collected from Google Scholar, Pubmed, and Science Direct databases. Keywords used “Pregnancy” AND “Prenatal Yoga” AND “Vaginal Delivery” AND “adjusted odds ratio”. Eligibility criteria were defined using the PICO model as follows, (1) population: pregnant women, (2) intervention: prenatal yoga, (3) comparison: usual care, and (4) outcome: pervaginam birth labor. The inclusion criteria were English open-access full text and randomized controlled trial study. Articles that met the criteria were analyzed by Revman 5.3.

Results: This meta-analysis combined 6 randomized controlled trial study from India, United States, Iran, and Korea. Thi study showed that prenatal yoga was increased the likelihood of pervaginam birth labor than usual care in pregnant women (aOR= 2.21; 95% CI= 1.15 to 4.26; p= 0.020).

Conclusion: Prenatal yoga is effective in increasing the likelihood of prevaginam birth labor in pregnant women.

Keywordsprenatal yoga, pregnant women, prevaginam birth labor

Correspondence: Ayu Trisni Pamilih. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: trisniayu97@­student.­ Mobile: 081393622900.


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