Association Between Gender And Depression In Covid-19 Patients: Meta Analysis


Desif Upix Usmaningrum

Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

ABSTRACT

Background: Mental disorders incidence is likely to have increased during the pande­mic, due to a variety of factors. While some pandemic-related stressors affect nearly everyone, many especially affect women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on women’s mental health.

Subjects and Method: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. The study was conducted in multiple databases including PubMed, Science Direct, dan Google Scholar. The articles were filtered using PICO model, including: (1) Population= COVID-19 patients, (2) intervention= female, (3) comparison= male, and (4) outcome= depression. Keywords used “gender” OR “risk factors” AND “depression” OR “mental health” AND “COVID-19 patients” OR “COVID-19 survivor”. The inclu­sion criteria were English full-text, cross sectional study, published from 2020 to 2021, and reported mean and standard deviation. The systematic review was carried out according to the PRISMA guide­lines. Data analysis were performed using RevMan 5.3.

Results: The were 8 studies from China, Iran, Turkey, Equador, and Morroco involving 1,994 COVID-19 patients for meta-analysis. This study showed that female COVID-19 patients had higher risk on depression than male (Standardized mean difference= 0.38; 95% CI= 0.29 to 0.48; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Depression in female COVID-19 patient is higher than male.

Keywords: gender, depression, COVID-19

Correspondence: Desif Upix Usmaningrum. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas  Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 3A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: desifupix@student.­uns.ac.id. Mobile: 0878388872.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.Epidemiology.ICPH.08.2021.17

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