History of Household Contact, Maternal Domestic Hygiene, and Their Associations with the Risk of Tuberculosis in Children


Chattrin Fahrezi, Rezania Asyfiradayati

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

ABSTRACT

Background: Close contacts of patients with infectious tuberculosis are at increased risk of developing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease. The risk of tuberculosis in individuals with latent M. tuberculosis infection is estimated to be 5%–10% over the course of a lifetime, with approximately half of cases occurring within the first 2 years after exposure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between history of household contact and other factors on the risk of Tuberculosis in children.

Subjects and Method: A case control study was carried out in Wonogiri, Central Java, in April 2019. The study population was children aged 0-14 years with Tuber­culosis in 2018. A sample of 92 children consisting of 46 children with Tuberculosis and 46 children without Tuberculosis was selected by purposive sampling. The data were collected by medical record and questionnaire. Correlations between household contact, maternal domestic hygiene, and the risk of Tuberculosis were assessed by Chi-square.

Results: History of household contact increased the risk of Tuberculosis in children (OR= 6.91; 95% CI= 1.44 to 33.26; p= 0.007). Good maternal domestic hygiene lowered the risk of Tuberculosis in children (OR= 0.38; 95% CI= 0.15 to 0.97; p= 0.039).

Conclusion: History of household contact increases the risk of Tuberculosis in children. Good maternal domestic hygiene lower the risk of Tuberculosis in children.

Keywords: Tuberculosis, household contact, maternal domestic hygiene, children

Correspondence: Chattrin Fahrezi. Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Jl. A. Yani Tromol Pos I, Pabelan, Kartasura, Sukoharjo 57169, Central Java. Email: chattrinfahrezi311@gmail.com.  Mobile: 08812532292.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.Epidemiology.ICPH.08.2021.12

Share this :

View PDF