Edutainment to Increase Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Toward Self-Care in Pregnant Women

Shalsabilla Tiara Firdausia1), Uki Retno Budihastuti1),

Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi2)

1)Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret

2)Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Moewardi Hospital

3)Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Background: Playing or studying in a pleasant atmosphere is an important factor in education. Through edutainment, pregnant women can facilitate understanding and be able to influence and motivate people’s behavior. Learning with the Edutainment method should be able to provide positive benefits to pregnant women in order to make learning right on target not only cognitive but also affective. Health promotion with a learning method called Edutainment which is expected to provide new solutions in the process of providing education to pregnant women. This study aimed to test edutain­ment versus conventional health education method to improve maternal knowledge, attitude, and behavior toward self-care.

Subjects and Method: This was a pretest-postest control group experimental study with a randomized controlled trial. The study was conducted at Banguntapan I commu­nity health center. A sample of 100 pregnant women in experiment group and 100 pregnant women in control group was selected randomly. Pregnant women in experi­ment group received edutainment method and control group received conventional health education method. The dependent variables were knowledge, attitude, and behavior. The independent variable was edutainment method. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by mean different test run on Stata 13.

Results: Knowledge toward self care in pregnant women after received edutainment (Mean= 40.54; SD= 2.18) was higher than those who received conventional method (Mean= 39.32; SD= 2.26), and it was statistically significant (p<0.001). Maternal atti­tude toward self-care after received edutainment (Mean= 44.15; SD= 1.40) was higher than before (Mean= 42.28; SD= 2.87), and it was statistically significant (p< 0.001). Maternal behavior on self-care after received edutainment (Mean= 45.53; SD= 0.74) was higher before (Mean= 42.57; SD= 2.58), and it was statistically significant (p< 0.001).

Conclusion: Edutainment is effective to improve education, attitude and behavior toward self-care in pregnant women.

Keywords: edutainment, self-care, edutainment

Correspondence: Shalsabilla Tiara Firdausia. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: shalsabilla­tiara­ Mobile: 08222363555.


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