Best Practice Religious Approach in Intervention of Metabolic Disorder at Community Level


Hilmi Sulaiman Rathomi1), Rizky Suganda Prawiradilaga2),

Mia Kusmiati3), Rizki Perdana4)

1)Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine

Universitas Islam Bandung, West Java

2)Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine

Universitas Islam Bandung, West Java

3)Department of Medical Education, Bioethics, and Humanities

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Bandung, West Java

4)Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine

Universitas Islam Bandung, West Java

ABSTRACT

Background: World Health Organization states that obesity is a health condition of top priority in post COVID-19 pandemic era. As a contribution in controlling metabolic disorder at the community level, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung, West Java, has introduced a religion-based approach intervention in Bandung area, namely the Islamic Eating Pattern for a Better Metabolic Conditions (INTERFAST) program. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of INTERFAST program to control metabolic disorder.

Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted in Sukaraja, Bandung, West Java, from April to October 2021. A total of 52 subjects with metabolic disorder was selected for this study. The dependent variables were knowledge and eating behavior pattern. The independent variable was a multi-method intervention, including hands-on education, WhatsApp group formation, educational videos, and metabolic tests. The data on knowledge and eating behavior pattern were collected by a set of question­naire. These two dependent variables were measured before and after intervention. The mean difference before and after intervention was tested by paired t-test. The percent difference before and after intervention was tested by chi-square.

Results: Mean knowledge score after intervention (Mean= 5.70; SD= 0.50) was higher than before intervention (Mean= 4.90; SD= 0.90), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.042). Percent of total fat content after intervention (35.3%) was lower than before intervention (41.3%), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.037). Percent of eating 3 hours before bedtime after intervention (52%) was lower than before intervention (76%), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.013). Percent of overweight after intervention (23%) was lower than before intervention (25%), and it was statistically significant (p= 0.034).

Conclusion: INTERFAST is effective to increase knowledge, as well as to reduce total fat content, eating 3 hours before bedtime, and overweight.

Keywords: INTERFAST, knowledge, metabolic disorder, diet

Correspondence: Hilmi Sulaiman Rathomi. Department of Public Helath, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Bandung. Jl. Tamansari 22, Tamansari, Bandung, West Java. Email: hilmi.­thomi­@gmail.com. Mobile: +62811 2251649.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.Promotion.ICPH.08.2021.39

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