Correlation between Work Attitude and the Risk of Low Back Pain in Brick Makers in Ngawi, East Java

Faried Effendi Surono

Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Background: Since low back pain represents the third leading cause of self-perceived disability due to various diseases, identifying risk factors, appears to be of high importance for implementing suitable prevention programs. Specific working postures and low back pain were highly explored by recent studies. This study aimed to explore correlation between work attitude and the risk of low back pain in brick makers.

Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the brick factory in Ngawi, East Java, Indonesia. A sample of 32 brickmakers was selected randomly. The dependent variable was low back pain. The independent variable was work attitude. Low back pain was measured by a visual analogue scale (VAS). Work attitude was measured by a questionnaire. Correlation between work attitude and low back pain was assessed by Chi-square.

Results: Poor work attitude increased the risk of low back pain in brick makers, and it was statistically significant (OR = 7.44; 95% CI= 1.12 to 52.51; p= 0.012).

Conclusion: Poor work attitude increases the risk of low back pain in brick makers.

Keywords: work attitude, low back pain

Correspondence: Faried Effendi Surono. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: fariedeffendi@student.­ Mobile: +6281328772748.


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