Determinants of Public Willingness to Receive Covid-19 Vaccine in Surakarta


Annita Viesta Nirmala Dewi, Alya Ayu Kharisma, Nailah Salma Inas,

Chusna Habiba, Okti Indriyani, Caroline Dharmawan, Syarrifah Jihadillah,

Hibah Mujahidah, Kharisma Trisiadewi, Nabila Ramadhani,

Revi Gama Hatta Novika, Nurul Jannatul Wahidah

Study Program in Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret

ABSTRACT

Background: One of the government’s efforts in tackling the COVID-19 pandemic is implementing vaccination program. However, this program received various responses from the public, some have accepted and others have rejected the COVID-19 vaccine. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence a person willingness to receive COVID-19 vaccination.

Subjects and Method: This was a descriptive and analytic study using cross sectional design conducted in Surakarta, Central Java, from September to October 2021. A total of 130 subjects was selected randomly from the general population. The dependent variable was willingness to use COVID-19 vaccine. The independent variable was knowledge about vaccination. The data were collected by a questionnaire and analyzed using Odds Ratio and Chi-Square.

Results: As many as (36%) of the study population were <20 years of age, 52% were 20-40, and 12% >40 years of age. As many as (8%) of the study population had completed Junior High School, 70% Senior High School, 9% Diploma Degree, 10% Bachelor’s Degree, and 2% the Masters Degree. Knowledge about vaccination was positively associated with willingness to use COVID-19 vaccine, and it was statistically significant (OR=6.89; 95% CI= 0.44 to 0.62; p<0.001)

Conclusion: Knowledge about vaccination is positively associated with willingness to use COVID-19 vaccine, and it is statistically significant.

Keywords: knowledge, willingness, rejection, vaccination, COVID-19, public

Correspondence: Annita Viesta Nirmala Dewi. Study Program in Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Uni­ver­sitas Sebelas Maret. Jl. Ir Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: contact.­anitaviee@gmail.com. Mobile: +6285103027268.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.Promotion.ICPH.08.2021.38

 

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