Effect of Exclusive Breastfeeding on Stunting in Children Under Five at Pedan Health Center, Klaten, Central Java, Indonesia

Anik Kurniawati, Fatma Vera Kusuma, H. Paryono


Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Surakarta, Central Java



Background: Stunting has been associated with increased child morbidity and morta­lity, lower educational performance during childhood, and later-life reduced socio­economic status, and increased metabolic diseases. Nutrition is one of the key factors to achieve adequate child growth and development along with additional individual, house­hold, and contextual factors. In particular, breastfeeding has been associated with multi­ple maternal and child health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of exclusive breastfeeding on stunting in children under five in Pedan health center, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study conducted at Pedan health center, Klaten, Central Java, Indonesia. A sample of 82 children under five was selected by purposive sampling. The dependent variable was stunting. The independent variable was exclusive breastfeeding. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed by Chi-square.

Results: Chilren with non exclusive breastfeding were at risk for stunting than those with exclusive breastfeding (OR= 3.61; 95% CI= 1.50 to 8.64; p= 0.003).

Conclusion: non exclusive breastfeding were at risk for stunting

Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, stunting, children under five

Correspondence: Anik Kurniawati. Health Polytechnic Surakarta Ministry of Health. Jl. Letjend Sutoyo Mojosongo, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: anikpoltek@gmail.com. Mobile: 081228545894.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.Maternal.ICPH.08.2021.42

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