Handwashing Compliance in Health Workers at Dr. Kariadi Hospital, Semarang


Septi Dewi Muninggar, Elyana Sri Sulistyowati, Verarica Silalahi

Central General Hospital Dr. Kariadi Semarang, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

Background: During COVID-19 pandemic, improving hand hygiene practices for health care workers is a core strategy to reduce infection in health care settings. This study aimed to examine the difference in handwashing adherence between SARS-CoV-2 infected and non-infected health workers at Dr. Kariadi Hospital, Semarang.

Subjects and Method: This was a case-control study. The population was SARS-CoV-2 infected and non-infected health workers at Dr. Kariadi Hospital, Semarang, Central Java. The dependent variable was handwashing compliance. The independent variable was SARS-CoV-2 infection. The data were analyzed using Mann Whitney.

Results: There was no statistically significant difference in age between SARS-CoV-2 infected (Mean= 34.60; SD= 8.09)  and non-infected health workers (mean= 33.90; SD= 7.46), with  p=0.322. Generally, handwashing compliance was poorer in health workers SARS-CoV-2 infected than not SARS-CoV-2 infected, except a few other types of health workers, including medical staff (​​53.4% vs. 60.2%; p<0.05), nurses (30.7% vs. 31.8%; p<0.05), midwives (4.5% vs. 1.7%; p>0.05), pharmacist (0.6% vs. 1.1%; p<0.05), nutritionist (1.1% vs. 1.7%; p<0.05), physical therapist (1.4% vs. 1.1%; p>0.05), and others (7.4% vs. 4.0%; p>0.05).

Conclusion: Handwashing compliance is poorer in health workers who are SARS-CoV-2 infected than not SARS-CoV-2 infected, except a few other types of health workers.

Keywords: handwashing, compliance, health workers, confirmed, COVID-19

Correspondence: Septi Dewi Muninggar. Central General Hospital Dr. Kariadi Semarang, Indonesia. Jl. Dr. Sutomo No.16 Semarang. Email: septimuninggar@yahoo.com. Mobile: 085225933880.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/AB.Promotion.ICPH.08.2021.43

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