Patient Self-Efficacy and Its Association with the Quality of Life in Cancer Patientsreceiving Chemotherapy at Pirngadi Hospital, Medan

Agustina Boru Gultom, Indrawati

Department of Nursing, Health Polytechnics,

Ministry of Health, Medan, Indonesia


Background: The quality of life is one of the most concerning health issues for oncology patients. Self-efficacy is a mechanism through which self-management can be achieved. Quality of life is adversely impacted by multi-mobility but could be improved by effective self-management. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between self-efficacy and the quality of life of cancer patients following chemotherapy.

Subject and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Pirngadi Hospital, Medan, North Sumatera. A total of 47 cancer patients who underwent at least a second chemotherapy aged ≥18 years was selected. The dependent variable was the quality of life. The independent variable was self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was measured by Cancer Behavior Inventory-B. Quality of life was measured by FACT-G Version-4. The data were analyzed using odds ratio and the chi-square test.

Results: Quality of life was positively associated with self-efficacy in cancer patients (OR= 2.37; p= 0.023).  

Conclusion: Quality of life is positively associated with self-efficacy in cancer patients.

Keywords: self-efficacy, quality of life, cancer, chemotherapy

Correspondence: Agustina Boru Gultom. Department of Nursing, Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health. Jl. Bunga Ncole 95, Victory Tani Village, Medan Tuntungan District, Medan, Indonesia. Email: agustinagulto­ Mobile: 08126420182.


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