Acceptance of Electronic Health Alert Card (E-Hac) for Covid-19 Screening Among Flight Passengers at Soekarno – Hatta Airport


Deni Tri Hananto1), Budi Sampurna2,3), Aria Kekalih2,3)

1)Specialist Program in Aviation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,Universitas Indonesia

2)Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia

3)Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background: Passenger screening and security checks are a familiar aspect of air travel – but the ways in which passengers are screened has changed over the years, from simple x-ray systems, to the more complex and sophisticated systems we see today, including Electronic Health Alert Card (E-HAC). Health Belief Model (HBM) constructs have widely used to explain a variety of health preventive behaviors. This study aimed to investigate the association between HBM constructs and acceptance of E-HAC.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Soekarno-Hatta Airport, Jakarta, in July 2021. A sample of 200 domestic and international passengers was selected at random. The dependent variable was acceptance E-HAC. The independent variables were HBM construct. The data were collected by a set of questionnaires. Association between variables was analyzed using Pearson correlation.

Results: Acceptance of E-HAC was positively correlated with attitude (r= 0.67; p<0.001), ease of application (r= 0.72; p<0.001), and perceived benefit (r= 0.70; p<0.001). Acceptance of E-HAC was negatively correlated with perceived privacy (r= -0.44; p <0.001). The association between perceived risk and acceptance of E-HAC was statistically non-significant (r= 0.08; p= 0.413).

Conclusion: Acceptance of E-HAC is positively correlated with attitude, ease of application, and perceived benefit. Acceptance of E-HAC is negatively correlated with perceived privacy.

Keywords: COVID-19, E-HAC, screening, flight passengers.

Correspondence:

Deni Tri Hananto. Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jl. Salemba Raya No. 6, Central Jakarta 10430. Email: dr.denitrihananto@yahoo.com. Mobile: +62822259­0­818

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHepidemiology.FP.08.2021.01

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