Effectiveness of Positive Affirmation in Reducing Anxiety in Pre-Operating Patients at Kudus General Hospital

Rizka Himawan, Edi Wibowo Suwandi


Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus




Background: Successful surgery is dependent on preoperative preparation. An intervention that may help patients to be mentally prepared for the surgery is providing positive affirmation. This study aimed to determine effectiveness of positive affirmation in reducing anxiety in pre-operating patients at Kudus General Hospital.
Subjects and Method: This was a quasi-experiment with one group pre-test and post-test design, conducted at Kudus General Hospital, Kudus, Central Java. A total of 47 preoperative patients were selected for this study. The dependent variable was anxiety. The independent variable was positive affirmation. The mean difference of anxiety before and after affirmation was tested by paired t-test.
Results: The differences in anxiety before (Mean= 23.32; SD= 2.82) and after (Mean= 23.13; SD= 3.13) positive affirmation was statistically non-significant (p= 0.659).
Conclusion: Positive affirmation is not effective to lessen anxiety in preoperative patients.

Keywords: anxiety, positive affirmation, preoperative patient.

Correspondence: Edi Wibowo Suwandi. Faculty of public Health. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus, Jl. Ganesha Raya No. 1, Purwosari, Kudus 59316, Central Java. Email: ediwibowo@umkudus.ac.id. Mobile: +6281326197275.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHepidemiology.FP.08.2021.12

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