Effectiveness of the Combination of Seaweed Jelly and Lime in the Reduction of Central Obesity in Housewives in Grobogan, Central Java


Noor Hidayah, Ashri Maulida Rahmawati

 

Study Program of Nursing, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus

 

ABSTRACT                

 

Background: Obesity is a grave public health threat, more serious even than the opioid epidemic. It is linked to chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. This number does not include deaths from the many other medical conditions associated with obesity. Edible seaweed is a vegetable of the sea, a food source for ocean life and humans who consume it in it is many forms. Low-calorie and nutrient-dense, edible seaweed has long been harvested and consumed in Asian cuisines.  Agar or jelly is a gelatinous substance that is extracted from seaweed and processed into flakes, powders and sheets. Agar tends to make people feel full, so they might stop eating earlier than they otherwise would. Some people think this reaction will lead to weight loss. But so far, there is no reliable scientific evidence that supports this weight loss theory. This study aimed to determine the effect of consuming the combination of agar-agar and lime on central obesity in housewives.

Subjects and Method: This study was a randomized control trial (RCT). A total of 32 housewives were selected for this study, and divided at random into two groups: (1) Experimental group consisting of 16 housewives who consumed combination of agar-agar and lime; (2) Control group consisting of 16 housewives who did not consume combination of agar-agar and lime. The dependent variable was abdominal circum­ference. The abdominal circumference was measured by placing a measuring tape in a horizontal plane around the abdomen at the level of iliac crest. The independent variable was the consumption of 200 g agar-agar in combination with 7 ml lime daily for 30 days. The mean difference of abdominal circumference after the intervention between the experimental group and control group was compared with by paired t-test.

Results: The mean abdominal circumference after the intervention in the experimental group (Mean= 87.50; SD= 9.10) was lower than that in the control group (Mean= 91.81; SD= 7.14), but it was not statistically significant (p= 0.358).

Conclusion: The combination of agar-agar and lime is not effective in reducing central obesity in housewives.

 

Keywords: agar-agar, lime, central obesity, housewife.

Correspondence: Noor Hidayah. Study Program of Nursing. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus. Jl. Ganesha Raya No. 1 Purwosari, Kudus, Central Java 59316. Email: noorhida­yah­@­umkudus.ac.id. Mobile: +62817456007.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/ICPHpromotion.FP.08.2021.14

 

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